Avoid fallacies in your thesis for your expository essay

How dare he talk to me like that! And in front of Katy, too. Just watched him strut off to the kitchen in his socks. Unity of person, place and time. The Descriptive Essay. Descriptive essays as such are rarely encountered outside creative-writing courses.

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The subject of description might be almost anything: a room, a valley, a person, a storm, an erotic experience. The Expository Essay. As we might remember from school, the expository essay comprises three sections: the introduction, the body and the conclusion. In expository essays of a less intellectually rigorous nature, the thesis statements will be correspondingly shorter —.

The most natural place for the thesis statement is at the beginning. Suppose, for example, that the topic is to be the surprise result of the British general election. He had good reason to be. Labour, they said, was heading for a clear victory. In her notes, suppose, the writer has randomly listed six explanations of why the polls were so wide of the mark —. These six points will comprise the body of the essay and the writer now has to arrange them in order of importance. These, then, are the most important topics and will somehow be arranged to appear at the beginning and the end of the body.

Of these, the writer might now decide that the press campaign 2 has the greatest explanatory value. Next, she decides that point 6 is more important than point 3, so 6 will come somewhere in the first paragraph and 3 in the penultimate. So far, then, the arrangement of the six-point body is —.

Here, then, is the completed body with the introductory paragraph again —. One of the weaknesses of conclusions sometimes is that they exist at all. What, for example, could fruitfully be added to our sample essay on the election? What, then, should a conclusion look like? Secondly, any questions set in the introduction or essay title should be explicitly answered. Predicting human behaviour, then, is perhaps an art more than a science. Should the apparent power of the press be a cause for concern? The passage is clear and grammatically correct, but the use of the first person I is inappropriate.

To make matters worse, the writer is using the first person to describe what she is doing rather than what she is thinking. But this merely adds affectation to the problem. A better technique is to avoid reference to herself altogether —. The writer is now well out of sight. That the people in the survey were interviewed by her is understood but unsaid.

The results of the survey show that… active with a third-person subject. What conclusions can be drawn from this? What conclusions can we draw from this? In expository essays, then, the writer is best advised to keep her head down by using a combination of —. The Argumentative Essay. The nature of argument. In a sense, all academic essays are argumentative. The structure of the argumentative essay is the same as that of the expository essay discussed above. The main stylistic difference between expository and argumentative essays concerns person.

It is therefore wise to be frugal with the first person. The simplest way is often to delete them. Thus —. But in what circumstances may the author legitimately raise her head? But even here, the first person can be avoided if the writer feels it is in danger of overuse. Few writers will produce a satisfactory essay in one sitting. Let us deal with irrelevance first. Some students will immediately plunge in with something like this —. True but irrelevant. Overdevelopment, on the other hand, is the result of poor planning.

Academics writing papers for publication usually have some discretion in respect of the length of their work. The hapless student does not. What needs to be remembered is that writing an essay of two or three thousand words is like furnishing a small living room; we can acquire some beautiful items but, without the space, they merely transform the room into an obstacle course.

These errors aside, the purpose of the drafting stages will be to refine the work in order to achieve optimum clarity and to rid it of dross.

HOW TO WIN AN ARGUMENT / ANIMATED SUMMARY OF COMMON LOGICAL FALLACIES

The remainder of this page consists of a few reminders. We can also shorten expressions and improve the quality of English at the same time —. Definition: Exemplification provides readers with examples that illustrate a larger point. Description: Many of your readers may be hesitant to accept your assertions without the use of examples that illustrate the validity of your points. Examples are especially useful when you need to explain complicated, abstract, or new ideas. Examples can be quotations, facts, narratives, statistics, details, analogies, opinions, and observations, and examples provide your writing with a firm foundation.

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Avoiding Logical Fallacies

Examples can help you avoid generalizations about your subject, and they tend to remove the ambiguity from your writing. Conventions: Since some of the most effective examples can originate in your own experience or in the experiences of people you know, you must decide if your readers will accept examples presented in the first person.

Some readers expect an academic exemplification essay to be written primarily, if not almost entirely, in the third person. Consider your audience and your purpose before you generate and organize examples. Readers will also expect that the examples you present will not distract them from your main point, so make certain that there is a clear relationship between your main point and your examples.

Effective topic and transition sentences in your body paragraphs can help you keep this relationship intact for your readers. Strategies: In order to come up with effective examples, consider your rhetorical situation. Ask yourself several questions designed to help you understand the needs of your audience and your purpose:.

Are they relevant, adequate, and fair examples? Are there any others I should use. How can I keep the interest of my readers?

How to Structure an Essay

Organization: Normally, writers use at least a few examples to support their main point, unless they are using one extended example, which might function similar to an analogy. Examples are usually presented in body paragraphs according to their chronology, their spatial relationship, or their emphatic order which means that you will use your most powerful examples at the end of your essay, after your reader has already accepted other, less-intense examples.

Finally, your conclusion might provide implications and solutions and summarize your essay's main point. Consider the point of your essay. What is your main point, or your thesis? As you draft your introduction, remember your purpose for using examples. Put your thesis at the end of the introduction. This is where many readers expect it. What is your thesis statement? Maybe you have noticed that writers and speakers can persuade, interest, and entertain others the most effectively by using well-chosen examples. Specific examples help readers understand larger theories and generalizations.

Maybe the incidents you are using for examples all happened in one especially lousy day. Maybe they all happened during one week or month or season.

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Maybe it was snowing for some and raining for others. Consider how time relates to your placement of the examples in the paper. Were there any connections between the examples? How could you categorize your examples? Did some of the examples happen at the drive through window? Did they happen at the counter or in the parking lot? Can you organize your examples according to where they happened?

Are some of the examples really shocking like loud voices, yelling, and anger while others are simply a mundane kind of bad behavior like not washing hands after using the bathroom? Can you put one of the more common kinds of bad behavior in the introduction, so that you can use it as a template for the rest of the examples of bad behavior in the paper? What is important to remember as you draft your conclusion is your purpose for writing.

Ask yourself questions about what you hoped to accomplish by using examples? Were you trying to get your readers to reconsider an opinion or belief? Were you trying to get your readers to change their actions? Return to your primary purpose and find a way to restate it in an interesting manner so that your readers will understand, when they finish reading the last of your examples, exactly what is expected of them.